Solar energy is the radiant energy provided by the sun. It is also an important source of renewable energy.
PV(Photovoltaic) is a semiconductor material to convert light directly from the sun into electrical energy. When sunshine hits the PV cell, the absorbed photons of the light knock the electrons of PV cell and cause them to flow electricity.
(1) The electric current from solar is DC (Direct Current).
(2) Charge controller is to limit the rate of the current is added to or drawn from the battery.
(3) Battery is a rechargeable battery that integrates a solar cell with battery power storage.
(4) Inverter is to convert from DC to AC (Alternating Current) for households use.